The Environmental Goods and Services Sector (EGSS)

On the one hand the environmental goods and services sector summarises goods, technologies and services that measure, control, restore, prevent, treat, minimise, research and sensitise environmental damages to air, water and soil as well as problems related to waste, noise, biodiversity and landscapes. This includes “cleaner” technologies, goods and services that prevent or minimise pollution.

On the other hand it focusses on the careful use of natural resources. This mainly results in resource-efficient goods, technologies and services.

To display the environment industry in a comprehensive and internationally harmonized way, Eurostat developed “The Environmental Goods and Services Sector” – EGSS method.

With the replacement of output by production value as of the reference year 2018, methodological requirements of Eurostat were better taken into account. This also corresponds to the data usually published in the national accounts, the rules of which the environmental accounts, and thus also the EGSS, have to follow. In addition, for the reference year 2018, the figures of the basic statistics that are used to compile the EGSS were adjusted to the figures of the national accounts using models. The adjustment of the time series will take place in a second step in the course of the year 2021.

The goal is to get harmonized, detailed data from EU countries at national level that will enable to analyse economic growth, value added, exports as well as the employment development of the EGSS.

The preliminary data for Austria for 2019 show a production value of 42.7 bn Euro, a gross value added of 17.0 bn Euro and an export of 13.9 bn Euro in the environmental goods and services sector (EGSS). 193 574 people (182 798 in full-time equivalents) were employed. 53.8% of these eco-employees (54.1% of full-time equivalents) were engaged in environmental protection activities; this related to 43.2% of production value, 45.6% of gross value added as well as 34.2% of exports. 56.8% of production value, 54.4% of gross value added and 65.8% of exports were conducted by 46.2% of employees (45.9% of full-time equivalents) with resource management activities.

46.9% of employees (45.8% of full-time equivalents) worked 2019 in the service sector (incl. ancillary activities) with 40.3% of production value, 47.4% of gross value added as well as 9.1% of exports. Adapted goods generated 26.6% of production value, 22.6% of gross value added, 21.2% of exports and 30.9% of employment (32.1% of full-time equivalents) respectively. 7.9% of production value, 6.0% of gross value added as well as 8.8% of exports originated from the production of connected goods by 5.7% of environmental employees (5.9% of full-time equivalents). End-of-pipe technologies amounted to 4.0% of production value, 3.7% of gross value added and 8.7% of exports respectively (2.8% of employment; 2.9% of full-time equivalents). Integrated (clean) technologies generated 21.2% of production value, 20.2% of gross value added as well as 52.3% of exports of the EGSS with 13.6% of environmental employees (13.3% of full-time equivalents).

The management of energy resources is an important field of activity of the EGSS: 33.4% of environmental employees (about 64 700 persons) generated 2019 45.6% of the environmental production value (about 19.5 bn Euro), 42.1% (7.2 bn Euro) of the environmental gross value added and 59.7% (8.3 bn Euro) of the environmental exports. The number of employees in full-time equivalents amounted to approximately 61 100 (33.4%). A wide range of activities is summarized under this domain: e.g. the production of renewable energy, renewable energy technologies, low energy buildings and the insulation of buildings. The protection and remediation of soil, groundwater and surface water covers for example organic farming as an adapted good (20.7% employment, 21.8% full-time equivalents, 7.4% production value, 8.9% gross value added, 2.4% exports of the EGSS). The environmental activities wastewater management and waste management generated each essential shares of output, gross value added, exports and employment as well.

In Austria – if public transport is included218 278 environmental employees are measured for 2019.The handbook “Environmental goods and services sector accounts” excludes public transport. It recognizes the existence of sustainable transport activities which make use of vehicles with reduced impact on the environment. However the main purpose of these transport activities is not environmental. As it is proven that public transport is less harmful to the environment than individual transport the employees are shown as additional information to the EGSS.

Environmental Goods and Services Sector (EGSS)

Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2019 with estimation of public transport
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2019 by goods, technologies and services
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2019, management of energy resources
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2019 by environmental domains
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2019 by economic activities
Environmental output and employment in Burgenland 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Carinthia 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Lower Austria 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Upper Austria 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Salzburg 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Styria 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Tyrol 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Vorarlberg 2008 to 2018
Environmental output and employment in Vienna 2008 to 2018

Eco-Industries

Environmental goods and services sector (Eco-industries) 2007 and 2008


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