Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

General Information


Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation;


Target 9.1

Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all;

  • Availability of all-season roads largely archived
  • Domestic freight transport, total No review
  • Domestic freight transport, trucks No review
  • Domestic freight transport, rail Moderate positive
  • Passenger transport, rail Significant negative
  • Energy consumption for transport Moderate positive
  • Emissions by transport Moderate positive

Target 9.2

Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries;

  • Value added in the manufacture of high-tech and medium-high tech goods No review
  • Value added of the production of medium-low and low tech goods No review
  • Manufacturing employment, high- and medium-high-tech goods (in % of total employees) Significant positive
  • Manufacturing employment, medium-low and low-tech goods (as % of total employees) No review

Target 9.3

Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets;

  • Gross value added of small and medium-sized industrial companies No review
  • Accessibility of small industrial enterprises to loans or credit facilities Data gap

Target 9.4

By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities;

  • CO2 emissions from industry per gross value added Significant positive

Target 9.5

Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending;

  • Gross domestic expenditure on R&D Significant positive
  • Researchers No review