Goal 15: Life on Land

General Information


Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss;


Target 15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements;

  • Forest area as a proportion of total land area Moderate positive
  • Land area designated under Natura 2000 Moderate positive

Target 15.2

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally;

  • Annual rate of change in forest area No review
  • Total stock of aboveground biomass in forests Moderate positive
  • Forest area in protected areas Significant positive
  • Forest area with long-term economic plan Moderate positive
  • Certified forest area Significant positive

Target 15.3

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world;

  • Land consumption - sealed area Significant negative

Target 15.4

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development;

  • Mountain Green Cover Index Data gap

Target 15.5

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species;

  • Common Farmland Bird Index Significant negative

Target 15.6

Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed;

  • Adoption of the Nagoya Protokoll largely archived

Target 15.7

Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products;

  • Traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked Data gap

Target 15.8

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species;

  • Adopting of legislation for the prevention or control of invasive alien species Data gap

Target 15.9

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts;

  • Implementation of national strategies and action plans for biodiversity Data gap