Health expectancy indicators have been used more frequently in international and national health reports for the last years. Health expectancies are composite indicators which combine information on mortality, morbidity and disability in order to assess the quality of years lived. Health expectancies were first developed to address whether or not longer life is being accompanied by an increase in the time lived in good or in bad health. So health expectancies divide life expectancy into life spent in different statuses of health. In this way they add a dimension of quality to the quantity of life lived.
In 2019, healthy life expectancy was 63.1 years for men and 64.7 years for women. The expected number of years in (very) bad health was 4.3 years for men and 4.9 years for women. Therefore, the share of healthy life years of the total life expectancy was 80 per cent for men and 77 per cent for women. At age 65, men could expect to further live 9.3 years in (very) good health, women 10.2 years. Compared to 1978, a strong increase in healthy life years (HLY) was observed for both males and females. In 1978, male and female healthy life expectancy was only 52.4 years and 52.9 years, respectively.
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