Environmental Conditions and Behaviour

Environmental conditions and behaviour micro census; results of 2019

The MZ environmental conditions, environmental behaviour 2019 shows to what extent people in their living area are affected by noise, heat, smells, dust or soot and what causes are suspected. An assessment of the general environmental quality in Austria and the most urgent environmental problem were also recorded. In addition, the people surveyed assessed their quality of life and possible influencing factors.

An analysis of the environmental behaviour of Austrians was also carried out. For this purpose, online shopping behaviour and the purchase of environmentally friendly products produced under social manufacturing conditions were examined. Questions about household waste separation were examined and discussed, and the extent to which careful handling of the environment also plays a role in the choice of vacation. The topic of mobility in Austria was covered in detail especially the information provided on the chosen mode of transport and the population’s attitude toward public and private transport was thoroughly analysed.

The data were evaluated and published according to socio-demographic distinctions like gender, age, type of education or regional structures.

In 2019 33.3% of respondents felt disturbed by noise in their home, with the level of disturbance rated as “extreme” by 2.9% and “severe” by 9.2%. Since 2015, traffic is no longer perceived as the greatest source of noise. It was named as the cause of the noise disturbance in 48.5% of cases in 2019 (2015: 49.5%). Compared to 2003, its importance has even decreased by 25 percentage points. The main cause of noise nuisance is cited as being non-traffic-related sources of noise (51.2%) and above all neighbouring apartments (45.3%) and construction sites (29.2%).

The sectors drinking water quality, water quality of lakes and rivers, availability of premium food and green space were judged as good by more than 90% of respondents. The general environmental quality (87.0%), the air quality (86.7%), the availability of environmentally friendly products (86.3%) and the noise situation in Austria (72.3%) are rated less well. Greenhouse effect and climate change (29.8%) and an increasing traffic volume (21.1%) proportionally represent the major environmental problem for the respondents, followed by the increasing waste accumulation (19.6%) and the destruction of nature and landscape (17.4%). About 53% of Austrians estimate their living quality as very good, 45% as good. 56.4% of the Austrians are of the mind that continuous economic growth is not relevant for our well-being.

The majority of respondents (76.2% in total) stated that they pay attention to environmentally friendly products produced under social manufacturing conditions at least when buying certain goods. 71.8% of Austrians used online services for orders and purchases in 2019. 21.6% bought several times a month in this way, 6.5% once a week and 4.1% even several times a week. Information on whether the products were manufactured in an environmentally friendly manner was not always easily accessible via the online services. Only 27.2% of the respondents said they knew whether the products ordered online were produced in an environmentally friendly way or not.99.2% of respondents indicated disposing of waste paper, 97.3% waste glass separately, least often organic waste was collected (85.4%). A high environmental quality (clean air, clean water and tranquillity) as well as the range of regional products were among the most important assessment criteria for vacation trips for around 70% of those surveyed. Over 90% of the Austrian population used the car at least occasionally in everyday life, 36.4% used it daily, 31.2% drove it several times a week. More than 65% of those surveyed used public transport trains, buses, trams and underground trains at least occasionally, 17.4% used them daily. More than half of the respondents found public transport attractive, with safety (83.5%) and facilities (77.5%) cited as the main reasons. For reasons of cost, however, only 53.0% of those questioned considered public transport attractive. In between were the assessment of the driving time (60.6%), the intervals (60.2%) and the connections (58%).

Micro census 2019

Noise disturbance in living areas: by day and/or night
Bad odours and emissions in living areas: by day and/or night
Inconvenience due to dust and soot
Exposure to heat: by day and/or at night
Major environmental problem
Purchase of environmentally friendly and socially responsible products
Waste seperation
Use of online services for orders or purchases
Choice of transport mode on local passenger traffic
Assessment criteria for holiday travel

Micro census 3rd quarter 2015

Noise disturbance in living areas: by day and/or night
Bad odours and emissions in living areas: by day and/or night
Inconvenience due to dust and soot
Major environmental problem
Purchase of eco-products
Waste seperation
Choice of transport mode on local passenger traffic
Assessment criteria for holiday travel

Micro census 3rd quarter 2011

Noise disturbance in living areas: by day and/or night
Bad odours and emissions in living areas: by day and/or night
Inconvenience due to dust and soot
Major environmental problem
Purchase of eco-products
Waste seperation
Choice of transport mode on local passenger traffic
Assessment criteria for holiday travel

Micro census 4th quarter 2007

Noise disturbance in living areas: by day and/or night
Bad odours and emissions in living areas: by day and/or night
Inconvenience due to dust and soot
Major environmental problem
Purchase of ecological products
Waste seperation
Choice of transport mode on local passenger traffic
Environmental behaviour on holiday travel

Micro census December 2003

Inconvenience due to noise at the living quaters
Inconvenience due to bad odours at the living quaters
Inconvenience caused by tobacco smoke
Inconvenience at the living quarters due to dust and/or soot
Inconvenience due to dust and/or soot
Inconvenience due to poor air quality


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