Trade by enterprise characteristics

The statistical product „Trade by Enterprise Characteristics” (TEC) provides an additional point of view on companies which are engaged in foreign trade. A number of different indicators are available for enterprises which are responsible for the Austrian cross-border trade:

  • Trade by type of trader and activity sector
  • Trade by enterprise size class and activity sector
  • Concentration of trade by activity sector
  • Trade by partner countries and activity sector
  • Trade by number of partner countries and activity sector
  • Trade by commodity and activity sector
  • Trade by type of ownership and activity sector
  • Trade by exports intensity and activity sector
  • Trade by activity sectors
  • Trade by partner countries and enterprise size class

This statistics is based on the obligatory Eurostat data linkage “Trade by Enterprise Characteristics”. It is compiled according to the EU-concept and is produced annually by all EU member states. In order to describe the structure and characteristics of trading enterprises, the Austrian international trade in goods statistics (ITGS) is linked on microdata level with the register of statistical units (business register) and the Foreign Affiliates Statistics (FATS). Unlike the compilation of the EU-TEC statistics, the data linkage of this output follows the national concept and is therefore based on the same principle as the Austrian ITGS-data. Data is available for the years 2008 to 2018.

As the linkage is performed on microdata level, the VAT-codes of the underlying enterprises have to be both valid and successfully matched with the business register. Consequently, the reference population (population 8) does differ from the final total ITGS-data of the respective reference year published by Statistics Austria. This difference includes among others enterprises without a valid VAT-code or trade by enterprises where no connection to the business register could be established.

Data for Trade by Enterprise Characteristics is available for the years 2008 to 2018.

Remark: As of the reporting year 2018, the statistics “Trade by Enterprise Characteristics” by national concept no longer uses the legal unit, but the statistical unit as the underlying unit for compilation. This change is implemented together with the EU-wide harmonized statistics “Trade by Enterprise Characteristics” by EU-concept and is based on an EU recommendation. When comparing data with previous reporting years (2008-2017), one must therefore take into account that from the reporting year 2018 onwards, there might be a reduction in the number of enterprises (Example: several legal units are combined into one statistical unit). As a consequence, a shift between activity sectors might also occur.

Further information regarding the statistical unit can be found here (in German): Statistische Nachrichten 11/2019

Trade by Enterprise Characteristics: Reference populations 
Year 2018
PopulationImportsExportsTrade Intensity
EnterprisesValue in EuroEnterprisesValue in EuroEnterprisesValue in Euro
1Total trade-156.056.107.883-150.070.983.587-306.127.091.470
8Trade with valid VAT-codes and successfully matched with the Business Register 1)171.544153.557.672.96240.899147.352.041.849176.318300.909.714.811
Countries and country groups - TEC National
Trade by type of trader and activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by enterprise size class and activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Concentration of trade by activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by partner countries and activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by number of partner countries and activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by commodity (CPA) and activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by type of ownership and activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by exports intensity and activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by activity sector (NACE); Year 2018
Trade by partner countries and enterprise size class; Year 2018


Stefan Lenes Tel. +43 1 71128-7166


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