Statistics on employer business demography include, analogously to statistics on business demography (in total), data on active enterprises, on births of enterprises, their survival, on deaths of enterprises and on the corresponding employment data.
The difference is that the separate data collection on employer enterprise demography only comprises employer enterprises. These are defined as enterprises that have at any time between 1.1. and 31.12. of a reference year at least 1 employee. The objective is to identify not only those enterprises which have already had at the time of creation at least 1 employee, but also those which became employers later on (“entries by growth”).
Accordingly, two types of becoming an employer can be distinguished. On the one hand, the birth of an enterprise that had at the time of its creation at least 1 employee. And on the other hand, “entry by growth”, i.e. an enterprise that was already active before without employees and reaches the threshold of 1 employee in the reference year. The condition is that the enterprise in two years, preceding the reference year, had no employees (to exclude a reactivation). Also, the growth should not be due to a takeover of an enterprise with employees.
It should be noted that the demography of the employer enterprises cannot be derived simply by omitting the size class "0 employees" under the "regular" harmonized data collection, as these data collections have different concepts: In the data collection on business demography (in total) those enterprises that at the time of the founding had no paid employment, and only later became employers, are not covered separately as an enterprise birth.
The restriction to enterprises with employees has two important reasons: On one hand the comparability of the European data especially with the data from the US but also from countries outside the European Union can be improved. On the other hand, the goal is also to concentrate more on the employment effects of enterprise births.
Since 2014, the data collection on employer business demography is mandatory also on European level. The legal basis is a commission implementing regulation amending Annex IX of the revised EU regulation on structural business statistics and on national level the business demography regulation. On national level, the expected European obligation was anticipated by the business demography regulation (adopted in 2009). According to this legal basis, in 2014, data have to be compiled for reference year 2012. The data are shown by economic activities (NACE Rev.2) and legal form, by economic activities and employee size class, by economic activities and provinces as well as NUTS3 and for sole proprietorships by economic activities and gender.
Further information on the methodology of the data collection.
The survival rate of newly created employer enterprises in 2004 that survived until 2005 amounted to 88.4%. One year later (2006) 78.9% of this cohort survived. The average survival rates for the employer enterprises that survived three and four years were 72.2% and 66.8%. Five years later (2009), more than half of the employer enterprises founded in 2004 were still active (62.1%). After six years, the survival rate sinks to 57.7% and after seven years it counts 53.4% . Eight years later (2012), less than half (48.8%) of the employer enterprises founded in 2004 were still active. The highest eight-year survival rates were recorded for the economic activities “Human health and social work activities” (74.9%), “Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities” (69.0%) and “Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply” (67.9%).
On average, in 2012, the same number of jobs per employer enterprise was created than lost (3.7 jobs, for self-employed persons and employees). In absolute
counts, most jobs were created in the sectors “Wholesale and retail
trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles”
Results and information on Business Demography Statistics.
|Results (overview): Employer enterprise births and deaths 2004 to 2012|
|Main results: Employer enterprise births and deaths 2004 to 2012 by employee size class|
|Main results: Employer enterprise births and deaths 2004 to 2012 by legal form|
|Main results: Employer Enterprise births and deaths 2004 to 2012 by provinces|
|Main results: Employer Enterprise births and deaths 2004 to 2012 by gender of the sole proprietor|
|Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2012; selection of sections, divisions and groups|
|Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2008 to 2012 by NUTS3|
|Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2008 to 2012 by NUTS3 and ÖNACE|
|Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2008 to 2012 by NUTS3 and employee size class|
|Main results: Survival rates of employer enterprises newly born in 2004|
|Main results: Survival rates of employer enterprises newly born in 2005|
|Main results: Survival rates of employer enterprises newly born in 2006|
|Main results: Survival rates of employer enterprises newly born in 2007|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 24.06.2020