Based on data from EU funding applications (as at September 2020), the arable land area amounted to 1.32 million hectares in 2020, which corresponded to 16% of the Austrian territory. At 764 385 ha (57.9%), cereal cultivation accounted for the largest share of arable land. Field fodder crops were grown on an area of 241 681 ha (18.3%), and oil seed crops covered 166 148 ha (12.6%). While root crops were cultivated on an area of 50 718 ha (3.8%), grain legumes – at 18 754 ha – accounted for 1.4% of total arable land. Ultimately, 50 396 ha or 3.8% of arable land lay fallow in 2020; only around 29 003 ha (2.2%) were accounted for by other arable land areas or were used for cultivating special crops, such as vegetables, flowers, strawberries and medicinal, aromatic and culinary plants.
In 2020, the area under cereal cultivation decreased by 1.5% over the previous year to 764 385 ha.
Grain legumes (protein plants) were grown on an area of 18 754 ha,
6.1% more than in 2019. The area with root crops decreased by 2.4% to 50 718 ha compared to 2019. An
increase of 4.8% to 166 148 ha was observed for oil seed crops. Field fodder crops were planted on an area of 241 681 ha
The Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) was introduced in 1995 when Austria joined the EU. Under IACS, Agrarmarkt Austria collects detailed data by agricultural parcel on the cultivated area of individual field crops using the "multiple application". In 2020, this data was transferred to STATISTICS AUSTRIA where it was evaluated as secondary statistics, as has been the case since 1996. The results underwent thorough checks before they were published, and were revised and supplemented on the basis of expert estimates in areas (primarily in the vegetable, flower and ornamental plant sector) of undercoverage with respect to funding applications.
Since 2005, cultivated area has been evaluated on the basis of its actual location. Previously, cultivated area was only shown according to the business principle, i.e. the area was assigned to the federal province in which the farmer's place of business was located. This led to distortions in a number of provinces, such as between Burgenland and Lower Austria if, for example, Lower Austrian farmers farmed land in Burgenland and this land had therefore previously been assigned to Lower Austria according to the business principle.
Basic survey of areas under vine 2015
Due to the Council Regulation (EU) No. 1337/2011 Austria is obliged to conduct statistical surveys of areas under wine every 5 years (formerly every 10 years). The Federal Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management (BMLFUW) adopted the regulation Federal Law Gazette II No. 207/2015 (available in German only) regarding statistics concerning the areas under wine in 2015 (Weingartengrunderhebungsverordnung 2015) as a national legal basis for the implementation of the survey. Thus, after 2009 a basic survey of areas under wine was conducted with the reference date 31 July 2015.
The wine-ONLINE system of the BMLFUW managed by the Agricultural, Forestry and Water Management Rechenzentrum GmbH served as data source for the federal wine growing provinces Burgenland, Lower Austria, Styria and Vienna. Data for the province Carinthia was obtained from the federal viticulture cadaster. Data was electronically transmitted and, after completion of plausibility checks, analysed. To get the outstanding data, Statistics Austria interviewed vineyard cultivators from the remaining provinces Upper Austria, Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg by means of a written questionnaire.
Results showed for Austria a total area under wine of 45 439 ha, 94 ha or 0.2% less than in
the last survey 2009. Lower Austria remains with an area of 28 145 ha
or 61.9% the largest wine growing federal province followed by Burgenland
with 12 249 ha (27.0%), Styria with 4 324 ha (9.5%) and Vienna with 581 ha (1.3%).
The remaining federal provinces recorded an area increase of 57 ha to
The trend towards larger holdings is evident according
to the results of this survey. The average size of a holding increased
from 2.26 ha in 2009 to 3.22 ha
The most important winegrowing regions regarding their proportion of the total area under wine in the respective provinces are: Neusiedlersee (Burgenland) with 7 159 ha or 58.2%, Weinviertel (Lower Austria) with 13 886 ha (49.2%) and Südsteiermark (Styria) with 2 163 ha (50.0%).
The long-term trend from white wine towards red wine cannot be confirmed anymore. While white wine acreage has increased by 2.3% to 30 502 ha compared to 2009, red wine acreage in turn decreased by 4.9% to 14 937 ha.
With respect to the grape varieties, Grüner Veltliner remains in first place with 14 376 ha or 47.1% of the white wine area; among all vine varieties Grüner Veltliner showed the highest increase with a plus of 6.3%. The red wine variety Zweigelt holds the second place with 6 311 ha or 42.3% of the red wine area.
Considering the distribution of the grape varieties in the individual federal provinces, Grüner Veltliner lies significantly ahead within the white wine varieties in Burgenland (1 258 ha), Lower Austria (12 920 ha) and Vienna (171 ha) whereas in Styria the white wine variety Welschriesling (701 ha) and in the remaining federal provinces the white wine variety Weißer Riesling (18 ha) are leading the list. In regard to red wine varieties, Zweigelt ranks first in Lower Austria (3 521 ha) and Vienna (36 ha) while in Burgenland Blaufränkisch (2 632 ha), in Styria Blauer Wildbacher (432 ha) and in the remaining federal provinces the red vine variety Blauer Burgunder (10 ha) are the most important varieties.
Comparing the age of the vines, the age group of 10 to 29 years records the highest share of the area under cultivation (51.7%), followed by the age group 30 years and older with 31.4% and the age group 3 to 9 years with 12.6%. The age group under 3 years amounts to 4.3%. These new plantations are not productive yet and already represent with 1 950 ha a significant share of the area under cultivation.
|Crops on arable land in 2020|
|Vineyard areas 2015 by wine-growing-regions|
|Vineyard areas 2009 by wine-growing-regions|
|Vineyard areas 1999 by wine-growing-regions|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 16.04.2021